FLASHING: New high-velocity H<SUB>2</SUB>O masers in IRAS 18286-0959

Publication date: 
Main author: 
Imai, Hiroshi
IAA authors: 
Gómez, José F.
Imai, Hiroshi;Uno, Yuri;Maeyama, Daichi;Yamaguchi, Ryosuke;Amada, Kei;Hamae, Yuhki;Orosz, Gabor;Gómez, José F.;Tafoya, Daniel;Uscanga, Lucero;Burns, Ross A.
Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Publication type: 
We discovered new high-velocity components of H<SUB>2</SUB>O maser emission in one of the 'water fountain' sources, IRAS 18286-0959, which has been monitored using the Nobeyama 45 m telescope in the FLASHING (Finest Legacy Acquisitions of SiO- and H<SUB>2</SUB>O-maser Ignitions by Nobeyama Generation) project since 2018 December. The maser spectra show new components with extremely high expansion velocities (&gt;200 km s<SUP>-1</SUP> projected in the line of sight), some of which are located symmetrically in the spectrum with respect to the systemic velocity. They were also mapped with KaVA (KVN and VERA Combined Array) in 2019 March. We located some of these maser components closer to the central stellar system than other high-velocity components (50-200 km s<SUP>-1</SUP>) that have been confirmed to be associated with the known bipolar outflow. The new components would have flashed in the fast collimated jet at a speed of over 300 km s<SUP>-1</SUP> (soon) after 2011 when they had not been detected. The fastest of the new components seem to indicate rapid deceleration in these spectra; however, our present monitoring is still too sparse to unambiguously confirm it (up to 50 km s<SUP>-1</SUP> yr<SUP>-1</SUP>) and too short to reveal their terminal expansion velocity, which will be equal to the expansion velocity that has been observed ( $v$ <SUB>exp</SUB> ∼ 120 km s<SUP>-1</SUP>). Future occurrences of such extreme-velocity components may provide a good opportunity to investigate possible recurrent outflow ignitions. Thus, the sculpture of the parental envelope will be traced by the dense gas that is entrained by the fast jet and exhibits spectacular distributions of the relatively stable maser features.
ADS Bibcode: 
masers;stars: AGB and post-AGB;stars: individuals (IRAS 18286-0959)