The influence of Middle Range Energy Electrons on atmospheric chemistry and regional climate

DOI: 
10.1016/j.jastp.2016.04.008
Publication date: 
01/11/2016
Main author: 
Arsenovic P.
IAA authors: 
Funke, B.
Authors: 
Arsenovic P., Rozanov E., Stenke A., Funke B., Wissing J.M., Mursula K., Tummon F., Peter T.
Journal: 
Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
Refereed: 
Yes
Publication type: 
Article
Volume: 
Pages: 
180-190
Number: 
Abstract: 
We investigate the influence of Middle Range Energy Electrons (MEE; typically 30-300. keV) precipitation on the atmosphere using the SOCOL3-MPIOM chemistry-climate model with coupled ocean. Model simulations cover the 2002-2010 period for which ionization rates from the AIMOS dataset and atmospheric composition observations from MIPAS are available. Results show that during geomagnetically active periods MEE significantly increase the amount of NO. y and HO. x in the polar winter mesosphere, in addition to other particles and sources, resulting in local ozone decreases of up to 35%. These changes are followed by an intensification of the polar night jet, as well as mesospheric warming and stratospheric cooling. The contribution of MEE also substantially enhances the difference in the ozone anomalies between geomagnetically active and quiet periods. Comparison with MIPAS NO. y observations indicates that the additional source of NO. y from MEE improves the model results, however substantial underestimation above 50. km remains and requires better treatment of the NO. y source from the thermosphere. A surface air temperature response is detected in several regions, with the most pronounced warming occurring in the Antarctic during austral winter. Surface warming of up to 2. K is also seen over continental Asia during boreal winter. © 2016.
Database: 
SCOPUS
SCOPUS
ADS
URL: 
https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/2016JASTP.149..180A/abstract
ADS Bibcode: 
2016JASTP.149..180A
Keywords: 
Atmospheric Chemistry; Climate; Mesosphere; Middle Energy Electrons; Ozone