A method for merging nadir-sounding climate records, with an application to the global-mean stratospheric temperature data sets from SSU and AMSU

DOI: 
10.5194/acpd-15-10085-2015
Publication date: 
01/04/2015
Main author: 
McLandress, C.
IAA authors: 
Funke, B.
Authors: 
McLandress, C.;Shepherd, T. G.;Jonsson, A. I.;von Clarmann, T.;Funke, B.
Journal: 
Atmospheric Chemistry & Physics Discussions
Refereed: 
Yes
Publication type: 
Article
Volume: 
15
Pages: 
10085-10122
Abstract: 
A method is proposed for merging different nadir-sounding climate data records using measurements from high resolution limb sounders to provide a transfer function between the different nadir measurements. The nadir-sounding records need not be overlapping so long as the limb-sounding record bridges between them. The method is applied to global mean stratospheric temperatures from the NOAA Climate Data Records based on the Stratospheric Sounding Unit (SSU) and the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A (AMSU), extending the SSU record forward in time to yield a continuous data set from 1979 to present. SSU and AMSU are bridged using temperature measurements from the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS), which is of high enough vertical resolution to accurately represent the weighting functions of both SSU and AMSU. For this application, a purely statistical approach is not viable since the different nadir channels are not sufficiently linearly independent, statistically speaking. The extended SSU global-mean data set is in good agreement with temperatures from the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) on the Aura satellite, with both exhibiting a cooling trend of ~ 0.6 ± 0.3 K decade<SUP>-1</SUP> in the upper stratosphere from 2004-2012. The extended SSU data set also compares well with chemistry-climate model simulations over its entire record, including the contrast between the weak cooling seen over 1995-2004 compared with the large cooling seen in the period 1986-1995 of strong ozone depletion.
Database: 
ADS
URL: 
https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/2015ACPD...1510085M/abstract
ADS Bibcode: 
2015ACPD...1510085M