Overview and update of the SPARC Data Initiative: comparison of stratospheric composition measurements from satellite limb sounders

DOI: 
10.5194/essd-13-1855-2021
Publication date: 
24/05/2021
Main author: 
Hegglin, Michaela I.
IAA authors: 
Funke, Bernd
Authors: 
Hegglin, Michaela I.;Tegtmeier, Susann;Anderson, John;Bourassa, Adam E.;Brohede, Samuel;Degenstein, Doug;Froidevaux, Lucien;Funke, Bernd;Gille, John;Kasai, Yasuko;Kyrölä, Erkki T.;Lumpe, Jerry;Murtagh, Donal;Neu, Jessica L.;Pérot, Kristell;Remsberg, Ellis E.;Rozanov, Alexei;Toohey, Matthew;Urban, Joachim;von Clarmann, Thomas;Walker, Kaley A.;Wang, Hsiang-Jui;Arosio, Carlo;Damadeo, Robert;Fuller, Ryan A.;Lingenfelser, Gretchen;McLinden, Christopher;Pendlebury, Diane;Roth, Chris;Ryan, Niall J.;Sioris, Christopher;Smith, Lesley;Weigel, Katja
Journal: 
Earth System Science Data
Refereed: 
Yes
Publication type: 
Article
Volume: 
13
Pages: 
1855
Abstract: 
The Stratosphere-troposphere Processes and their Role in Climate (SPARC) Data Initiative (SPARC, 2017) performed the first comprehensive assessment of currently available stratospheric composition measurements obtained from an international suite of space-based limb sounders. The initiative's main objectives were (1) to assess the state of data availability, (2) to compile time series of vertically resolved, zonal monthly mean trace gas and aerosol fields, and (3) to perform a detailed intercomparison of these time series, summarizing useful information and highlighting differences among datasets. The datasets extend over the region from the upper troposphere to the lower mesosphere (300-0.1 hPa) and are provided on a common latitude-pressure grid. They cover 26 different atmospheric constituents including the stratospheric trace gases of primary interest, ozone (O<SUB>3</SUB>) and water vapor (H<SUB>2</SUB>O), major long-lived trace gases (SF<SUB>6</SUB>, N<SUB>2</SUB>O, HF, CCl<SUB>3</SUB>F, CCl<SUB>2</SUB>F<SUB>2</SUB>, NO<SUB>y</SUB>), trace gases with intermediate lifetimes (HCl, CH<SUB>4</SUB>, CO, HNO<SUB>3</SUB>), and shorter-lived trace gases important to stratospheric chemistry including nitrogen-containing species (NO, NO<SUB>2</SUB>, NO<SUB>x</SUB>, N<SUB>2</SUB>O<SUB>5</SUB>, HNO<SUB>4</SUB>), halogens (BrO, ClO, ClONO<SUB>2</SUB>, HOCl), and other minor species (OH, HO<SUB>2</SUB>, CH<SUB>2</SUB>O, CH<SUB>3</SUB>CN), and aerosol. This overview of the SPARC Data Initiative introduces the updated versions of the SPARC Data Initiative time series for the extended time period 1979-2018 and provides information on the satellite instruments included in the assessment: LIMS, SAGE I/II/III, HALOE, UARS-MLS, POAM II/III, OSIRIS, SMR, MIPAS, GOMOS, SCIAMACHY, ACE-FTS, ACE-MAESTRO, Aura-MLS, HIRDLS, SMILES, and OMPS-LP. It describes the Data Initiative's top-down climatological validation approach to compare stratospheric composition measurements based on zonal monthly mean fields, which provides upper bounds to relative inter-instrument biases and an assessment of how well the instruments are able to capture geophysical features of the stratosphere. An update to previously published evaluations of O<SUB>3</SUB> and H<SUB>2</SUB>O monthly mean time series is provided. In addition, example trace gas evaluations of methane (CH<SUB>4</SUB>), carbon monoxide (CO), a set of nitrogen species (NO, NO<SUB>2</SUB>, and HNO<SUB>3</SUB>), the reactive nitrogen family (NO<SUB>y</SUB>), and hydroperoxyl (HO<SUB>2</SUB>) are presented. The results highlight the quality, strengths and weaknesses, and representativeness of the different datasets. As a summary, the current state of our knowledge of stratospheric composition and variability is provided based on the overall consistency between the datasets. As such, the SPARC Data Initiative datasets and evaluations can serve as an atlas or reference of stratospheric composition and variability during the "golden age" of atmospheric limb sounding. The updated SPARC Data Initiative zonal monthly mean time series for each instrument are publicly available and accessible via the Zenodo data archive (Hegglin et al., 2020).
Database: 
ADS
URL: 
https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/2021ESSD...13.1855H/abstract
ADS Bibcode: 
2021ESSD...13.1855H