Physical Parameters of the Torus for the Type 2 Seyfert IC 5063 from Mid-IR and X-Ray Simultaneous Spectral Fitting

DOI: 
10.3847/1538-4357/ab4ced
Publication date: 
01/12/2019
Main author: 
Esparza-Arredondo, Donaji
IAA authors: 
Masegosa, Josefa
Authors: 
Esparza-Arredondo, Donaji;González-Martín, Omaira;Dultzin, Deborah;Ramos-Almeida, Cristina;Fritz, Jacopo;Masegosa, Josefa;Pasetto, Alice;Martínez-Paredes, Mariela;Osorio-Clavijo, Natalia;Victoria-Ceballos, Cesar
Journal: 
The Astrophysical Journal
Refereed: 
Yes
Publication type: 
Article
Volume: 
886
Pages: 
125
Abstract: 
In order to understand the diversity of classes observed in active galactic nuclei (AGNs), a geometrically and optically thick torus of gas and dust is required to obscure the central engine depending on the line of sight to the observer. We perform a simultaneous fitting of X-ray and mid-infrared (mid-IR) spectra to investigate whether the same structure could produce both emissions and, if this the case, to obtain better constraints for the physical parameters of the torus. In this case we take advantage of the fact that both emissions show important signatures of obscuration. We used the nearby type 2 active nucleus IC 5063 as a test object. This object is ideal because of the wealth of archival data, including some high-resolution data. It also has a relatively high AGN luminosity that dominates at both X-ray and mid-IR frequencies. We use high spectral resolution NuSTAR and Spitzer/IRS spectra. The AGN dusty models used several physically motivated models. We found that the combination of the smooth torus models at mid-IR by Fritz et al. and at X-rays by Baloković et al., with the viewing and half-opening angles linked to the same value, is the best choice to fit the spectra at both wavelengths. This allows us to determine all the parameters of its torus. This result suggests that the structure producing the continuum emission at mid-IR and the reflection component at X-ray is the same. Therefore, we prove that this technique can be used to infer the physical properties of the torus, at least when AGN dust dominates the mid-IR emission and the reflection component is significant at X-rays.
Database: 
ADS
SCOPUS
URL: 
https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85077265699&doi=10.3847%2f1538-4357%2fab4ced&partnerID=40&md5=50f832cb828b83b92bd67eb697f5727d
ADS Bibcode: 
2019ApJ...886..125E
Keywords: 
Active galactic nuclei;Infrared astronomy;X-ray astronomy