The SPARC Data Initiative: comparisons of CFC-11, CFC-12, HF and SF<SUB>6</SUB> climatologies from international satellite limb sounders

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Main author: 
Tegtmeier, S.
IAA authors: 
Funke, B.
Tegtmeier, S.;Hegglin, M. I.;Anderson, J.;Funke, B.;Gille, J.;Jones, A.;Smith, L.;von Clarmann, T.;Walker, K. A.
Earth System Science Data Discussions
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A quality assessment of the CFC-11 (CCl<SUB>3</SUB>F), CFC-12 (CCl<SUB>2</SUB>F<SUB>2</SUB>), HF, and SF<SUB>6</SUB> products from limb-viewing satellite instruments is provided by means of a detailed inter-comparison. The climatologies in the form of monthly zonal mean time series are obtained from HALOE, MIPAS, ACE-FTS, and HIRDLS within the time period 1991-2010. The inter-comparisons focus on the mean biases of the monthly and annual zonal mean fields and aim to identify their vertical, latitudinal and temporal structure. The CFC evaluations (based on MIPAS, ACE-FTS and HIRDLS) reveal that the uncertainty in our knowledge of the atmospheric CFC-11 and CFC-12 mean state, as given by satellite data sets, is smallest in the tropics and mid-latitudes at altitudes below 50 and 20 hPa, respectively, with a 1-sigma multi-instrument spread of up to ±5 %. For HF, the situation is reversed. The two available data sets (HALOE and ACE-FTS) agree well above 100 hPa with a spread in this region of ±5 to ±10 %, while at altitudes below 100 hPa the HF annual mean state is less well known with a spread ±30 % and larger. The atmospheric SF<SUB>6</SUB> annual mean states derived from two satellite data sets (MIPAS and ACE-FTS) show only very small differences with a spread of less than ±5 % and often below ±2.5 %. While the overall agreement among the climatological data sets is very good for large parts of the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (CFCs, SF<SUB>6</SUB>) or middle stratosphere (HF), individual discrepancies have been identified. Pronounced deviations between the instrument climatologies exist for particular atmospheric regions which differ from gas to gas. Notable features are differently shaped isopleths in the subtropics, deviations in the vertical gradients in the lower stratosphere and in the meridional gradients in the upper troposphere, and inconsistencies in the seasonal cycle. Additionally, long-term drifts between the instruments have been identified for the CFC-11 and CFC-12 time series. The evaluations as a whole provide guidance on what data sets are the most reliable for applications such as studies of atmospheric transport and variability, model-measurement comparisons and detection of long-term trends. The data sets will be publicly available from the SPARC Data center and through PANGAEA (doi:〈a href=''〉10.1594/PANGAEA.849223〈/a〉).
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