Vibrational-vibrational and vibrational-thermal energy transfers of CO<inf>2</inf> with N<inf>2</inf> from MIPAS high-resolution limb spectra

DOI: 
10.1002/2015JD023429
Publication date: 
16/08/2015
Main author: 
Jurado-Navarro A.A.
IAA authors: 
Jurado-Navarro A.A.;Lõpez-Puertas M.;Funke B.;García-Comas M.;Gardini A.
Authors: 
Jurado-Navarro A.A., Lõpez-Puertas M., Funke B., García-Comas M., Gardini A., Stiller G.P., Clarmann T.V.
Journal: 
Journal of Geophysical Research D: Atmospheres
Refereed: 
Yes
Publication type: 
Article
Volume: 
120
Pages: 
8002-8022
Number: 
Abstract: 
We present a retrieval of several vibrational-vibrational (V V) and vibrational-thermal (V-T) collisional rate coefficients affecting the populations of the CO<inf>2</inf> levels emitting at 10, 4.3 and 2.7 μm from high-resolution limb atmospheric spectra taken by Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS). This instrument has a high spectral resolution (0.0625 cm-1) and a wide spectral coverage (from 685 to 2410 cm-1) that allow measuring and discriminating among the many bands originating the atmospheric 4.3 μm radiance. Also its high sensitivity allows measuring the atmospheric limb emission in a wide altitude range, from 20 to 170 km in its middle and upper atmosphere modes, and hence obtain information on the temperature dependence of the collisional rates. In particular, we retrieve the rate coefficients and their temperature dependence in the 130-250 K range of the following processes: CO<inf>2</inf>(vd,v3)+N<inf>2</inf>⇌CO<inf>2</inf> (vd,v3-1)+N<inf>2</inf> (1) with v<inf>d</inf>=2v<inf>1</inf>+v<inf>2</inf>=2,3, and 4; CO<inf>2</inf> (v1,v2,l,1,r)+M⇌CO2(v1′,v2′,l′,1,r′)+M with Δvd=vd′-vd=0 and Δl = 0; and with Δv<inf>d</inf>=0 and Δl ≠ 0. In addition we have also retrieved the thermal relaxation of CO<inf>2</inf>(v<inf>3</inf>) into the v<inf>1</inf> and v<inf>2</inf> modes, e.g., CO<inf>2</inf> (vd,v3)+M⇌CO2(vd′,v3-1)+M with Δv<inf>d</inf>=2-4 and Δv<inf>3</inf>=-1 and the efficiency of the excitation of N<inf>2</inf>(1) by O(1D). All of them were retrieved with a much better accuracy than were known before. The new rates have very important effects on the atmospheric limb radiance in the 10, 4.3 and 2.7 μm spectral regions (5-8% at 4.3 μm) and allow a more accurate inversion of the CO<inf>2</inf> volume mixing ratio in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere from measurements taken in those spectral regions. © 2015. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
Database: 
WOK
SCOPUS
ADS
SCOPUS
URL: 
https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/2015JGRD..120.8002J/abstract
ADS Bibcode: 
2015JGRD..120.8002J
Keywords: 
CO<inf>2</inf>, N<inf>2</inf>; high-resolution IR spectra; MIPAS; non-LTE infrared emissions; V-V and V-T rate coefficients