GRB 211227A as a Peculiar Long Gamma-Ray Burst from a Compact Star Merger

DOI: 
10.3847/2041-8213/ac6e3a
Publication date: 
08/06/2022
Main author: 
Lü, Hou-Jun
IAA authors: 
Hu, You-Dong;Fernandez-García, Emilio;Castro-Tirado, Alberto J.;Caballero-García, M. D.
Authors: 
Lü, Hou-Jun;Yuan, Hao-Yu;Yi, Ting-Feng;Wang, Xiang-Gao;Hu, You-Dong;Yuan, Yong;Rice, Jared;Wang, Jian-Guo;Cao, Jia-Xin;Kong, De-Feng;Fernandez-García, Emilio;Castro-Tirado, Alberto J.;Lian, Ji-Shun;Gan, Wen-Pei;Wang, Shan-Qin;Xin, Li-Ping;Caballero-García, M. D.;Fan, Yu-Feng;Liang, En-Wei
Journal: 
The Astrophysical Journal
Refereed: 
Yes
Publication type: 
Article
Volume: 
931
Pages: 
L23
Abstract: 
Long-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) associated with supernovae (SNe) are believed to originate from massive star core-collapse events, whereas short-duration GRBs that are related to compact star mergers are expected to be accompanied by kilonovae. GRB 211227A, which lasted about 84 s, had an initial short/hard spike followed by a series of soft gamma-ray extended emission at redshift z = 0.228. We performed follow-up observations of the optical emission using BOOTES, LCOGT, and the Lijiang 2.4 m telescope, but we detected no associated supernova signature, even down to very stringent limits at such a low redshift. We observed the host galaxy within a large error circle and roughly estimated the physical offset of GRB 211227A as 20.47 ± 14.47 kpc from the galaxy center. These properties are similar to those of GRB 060614, and suggest that the progenitor of GRB 211227A is not favored to be associated with the death of massive stars. Hence, we propose that GRB 211227A originates from a compact star merger. Calculating pseudo-kilonova emission for this case by adopting the typical parameters, we find that any associated pseudo-kilonova is too faint to be detected. If this is the case, it explains naturally the characteristics of the prompt emission, the lack of SN and kilonova emission, and the large physical offset from the galaxy center.
Database: 
ADS
SCOPUS
URL: 
https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/2022ApJ...931L..23L/abstract
ADS Bibcode: 
2022ApJ...931L..23L
Keywords: 
Gamma-ray bursts;629;Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena