The local universe in the era of large surveys - II. multi-wavelength characterization of activity in nearby S0 galaxies

DOI: 
10.1093/mnras/stac1678
Publication date: 
08/09/2022
Main author: 
Jiménez-Palau, C.
IAA authors: 
Perea, J. D.;del Olmo, A.
Authors: 
Jiménez-Palau, C.;Solanes, J. M.;Perea, J. D.;del Olmo, A.;Tous, J. L.
Journal: 
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Refereed: 
Yes
Publication type: 
Article
Volume: 
515
Pages: 
3956-3974
Abstract: 
This is the second paper in a series using data from tens of thousands S0 galaxies of the local Universe (z ≲ 0.1) retrieved from the NASA-Sloan Atlas. It builds on the outcomes of the previous work, which introduced a new classification scheme for these objects based on the principal component analysis (PCA) of their optical spectrum and its projections on to the first two eigenvectors or principal components (the PC1-PC2 diagram). We provide a comprehensive characterization of the activity of present-day S0s throughout both the broad-band PC1-PC2 spectral classifier and the conventional narrow-line BPT/WHAN ones, contrasting the different types of activity classes they define, and present an alternative diagram that exploits the concordance between WHAN and PCA demarcations. The analysis is extended to the mid-infrared, radio and X-ray wavelengths by crossmatching our core sample with data from the WISE, FIRST, XMM-Newton, and Chandra surveys. This has allowed us to carry out a thorough comparison of the most important activity diagnostics in the literature over different wavebands, discuss their similarities and differences, and explore the connections between them and with parameters related to star formation and black hole accretion. In particular, we find evidence that the bulk of nebular emission from radio and X-ray detected S0-Seyfert and LINER systems is not driven by star birth, while the dominant ionising radiation for a number of LINERs might come from post-AGB stars. These and other outcomes from the present work should be transferable to other morphologies.
Database: 
ADS
SCOPUS
URL: 
https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/2022MNRAS.515.3956J/abstract
ADS Bibcode: 
2022MNRAS.515.3956J
Keywords: 
galaxies: active;galaxies: elliptical and lenticular;cD;galaxies: star formation;infrared: galaxies;radio continuum: galaxies;X-rays: galaxies;Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies