MIPAS IMK/IAA CFC-11 (CCl<SUB>3</SUB>F) and CFC-12 (CCl<SUB>2</SUB>F<SUB>2</SUB>) measurements: accuracy, precision and long-term stability

Publication date: 
Main author: 
Eckert, E.
IAA authors: 
Funke, B.
Eckert, E.;Laeng, A.;Lossow, S.;Kellmann, S.;Stiller, G.;von Clarmann, T.;Glatthor, N.;Höpfner, M.;Kiefer, M.;Oelhaf, H.;Orphal, J.;Funke, B.;Grabowski, U.;Haenel, F.;Linden, A.;Wetzel, G.;Woiwode, W.;Bernath, P. F.;Boone, C.;Dutton, G. S.;Elkins, J. W.;Engel, A.;Gille, J. C.;Kolonjari, F.;Sugita, T.;Toon, G. C.;Walker, K. A.
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions
Publication type: 
Profiles of CFC-11 (CCl<SUB>3</SUB>F) and CFC-12 (CCl<SUB>2</SUB>F<SUB>2</SUB>) of the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) abord the European satellite Envisat have been retrieved from versions MIPAS/4.61-MIPAS/4.62 and MIPAS/5.02-MIPAS/5.06 level-1b data using the scientific level-2 processor run by Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research (IMK) and Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA). These profiles have been compared to measurements taken by the balloon borne Cryosampler, Mark IV (MkIV) and MIPAS-Balloon (MIPAS-B), the airborne MIPAS stratospheric aircraft (MIPAS-STR), the satellite borne Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment Fourier transform spectrometer (ACE-FTS) and the High Resolution Dynamic Limb Sounder (HIRDLS) as well as the ground based Halocarbon and other Atmospheric Trace Species (HATS) network for the reduced spectral resolution period (RR: January 2005-April 2012) of MIPAS Envisat. ACE-FTS, MkIV and HATS also provide measurements during the high spectral resolution period (FR: July 2002-March 2004) and were used to validate MIPAS Envisat CFC-11 and CFC-12 products during that time, as well as ILAS-II profiles. In general, we find that MIPAS Envisat shows slightly higher values for CFC-11 at the lower end of the profiles (below ~ 15 km) and in a comparison of HATS ground-based data and MIPAS Envisat measurements at 3 km below the tropopause. Differences range from approximately 10-50 pptv (~ 5-20 %) during the RR period. In general, differences are slightly smaller for the FR period. An indication of a slight high-bias at the lower end of the profile exists for CFC-12 as well, but this bias is far less pronounced than for CFC-11, so that differences at the lower end of the profile (below ~ 15 km) and in the comparison of HATS and MIPAS Envisat measurements taken at 3 km below the tropopause mainly stay within 10-50 pptv (~ 2-10 %) for the RR and the FR period. Above approximately 15 km, most comparisons are close to excellent, apart from ILAS-II, which shows large differences above ~ 17 km. Overall, percentage differences are usually smaller for CFC-12 than for CFC-11. For both species - CFC-11 and CFC-12 - we find that differences at the lower end of the profile tend to be larger at higher latitudes than in tropical and subtropical regions. In addition, MIPAS Envisat profiles have a maximum in the mixing ratio around the tropopause, which is most obvious in tropical mean profiles. Estimated measurement noise alone can, in most cases, not explain the standard deviation of the differences. This is attributed to error components not considered in the error estimate and also to natural variability which always plays a role when the compared instruments do not measure exactly the same air mass. Investigations concerning the temporal stability show very small negative drifts in MIPAS Envisat CFC-11 measurements. These drifts vary between ~ 1-3 % decade<SUP>-1</SUP>. For CFC-12, the drifts are also negative and close to zero up to ~ 30 km. Above that altitude larger drifts of up to ~ 50 % decade<SUP>-1</SUP> appear which are negative up to ~ 35 km and positive, but of a similar magnitude, above.
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