Rings and arcs around evolved stars - III. Physical conditions of the ring-like structures in the planetary nebula IC 4406 revealed by MUSE

DOI: 
10.1093/mnras/stac605
Publication date: 
08/06/2022
Main author: 
Ramos-Larios, G.
IAA authors: 
Guerrero, M. A.
Authors: 
Ramos-Larios, G.;Toalá, J. A.;Rodríguez-González, J. B.;Guerrero, M. A.;Gómez-González, V. M. A.
Journal: 
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Refereed: 
Yes
Publication type: 
Article
Volume: 
513
Pages: 
2862-2868
Abstract: 
We present the analysis of Very Large Telescope Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE) observations of the planetary nebula (PN) IC 4406. MUSE images in key emission lines are used to unveil the presence of at least five ring-like structures north and south of the main nebula of IC 4406. MUSE spectra are extracted from the rings to unambiguously assess for the first time in a PN their physical conditions, electron density (n<SUB>e</SUB>), and temperature (T<SUB>e</SUB>). The rings are found to have similar T<SUB>e</SUB> as the rim of the main nebula, but smaller n<SUB>e</SUB>. Ratios between different ionic species suggest that the rings of IC 4406 have a lower ionization state than the main cavity, in contrast to what was suggested for the rings in NGC 6543, the Cat's Eye Nebula.
Database: 
ADS
SCOPUS
URL: 
https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/2022MNRAS.513.2862R/abstract
ADS Bibcode: 
2022MNRAS.513.2862R
Keywords: 
stars: evolution;stars: winds;outflows;planetary nebulae: general;planetary nebulae: individual: IC 4406;Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics;Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies