Signature of Supersonic Turbulence in Galaxy Clusters Revealed by AGN-driven Hα Filaments

DOI: 
10.3847/2041-8213/ac6601
Publication date: 
08/04/2022
Main author: 
Hu, Haojie
IAA authors: 
Gendron-Marsolais, Marie-Lou
Authors: 
Hu, Haojie;Qiu, Yu;Gendron-Marsolais, Marie-Lou;Bogdanović, Tamara;Hlavacek-Larrondo, Julie;Ho, Luis C.;Inayoshi, Kohei;McNamara, Brian R.
Journal: 
The Astrophysical Journal
Refereed: 
Yes
Publication type: 
Article
Volume: 
929
Pages: 
L30
Abstract: 
The hot intracluster medium (ICM) is thought to be quiescent with low observed velocity dispersions. Surface brightness fluctuations of the ICM also suggest that its turbulence is subsonic with a Kolmogorov scaling relation, indicating that the viscosity is suppressed and the kinetic energy cascades to small scales unscathed. However, recent observations of the cold gas filaments in galaxy clusters find that the scaling relations are steeper than that of the hot plasma, signaling kinetic energy losses and the presence of supersonic flows. In this work we use high-resolution simulations to explore the turbulent velocity structure of the cold filaments at the cores of galaxy clusters. Our results indicate that supersonic turbulent structures can be "frozen" in the cold gas that cools and fragments out of a fast, ~10<SUP>7</SUP> K outflow driven by the central active galactic nucleus (AGN), when the radiative cooling time is shorter than the dynamical sound-crossing time. After the cold gas formation, however, the slope of the velocity structure function (VSF) flattens significantly over short, ~10 Myr timescales. The lack of flattened VSF in observations of Hα filaments indicates that the Hα-emitting phase is short-lived for the cold gas in galaxy clusters. On the other hand, the ubiquity of supersonic turbulence revealed by observed filaments strongly suggests that supersonic outflows are an integral part of AGN-ICM interaction, and that AGN activity plays a crucial role at driving turbulence in galaxy clusters.
Database: 
ADS
SCOPUS
URL: 
https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/#abs/2022ApJ...929L..30H/abstract
ADS Bibcode: 
2022ApJ...929L..30H
Keywords: 
Galaxy winds;Filamentary nebulae;Galaxy clusters;Intracluster medium;626;535;584;858;Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies