Scientific seminars exposed by scientists and technologists of the IAA and the many centers and research institutions who visit us. They show the intense scientific exchange, they are held at 12:30 every Thursday. Seminars are broadcasted live at IAA - CSIC Seminars Live.



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Displaying 1 - 50 of 1041


30/12/2021 - 12:30
SO Web-Colloquia: Thematic area 9 of the CSIC’s new White Book: Understanding the basic components of the Universe, its structure and evolution
CSIC is about to publish a White Book to define its scientific strategy for the coming decades. The White Book contains chapters on 14 different thematic areas. One of the main goals of this exercise is to increase collaboration between research groups and institutes of the CSIC. Particular value is set on inter- and cross-disciplinary work. Each thematic area defines a set of “challenges”, key scientific questions for the coming decade(s) in...
Dr. María José Costa and Dr. Rainer Schödel
29/12/2021 - 12:30
SO Web-Colloquia: Thematic area 12 of the CSIC’s new White Book:Our Future? Space colonization and exploration
The exploration and colonization of the outer space represents a foreseeable future for the Humanity. This endeavour involves deepening our knowledge about the formation and evolution of the solar system, of other planetary systems, emergence of life (and its prospects once it exists), the interaction between Earth and Space (particularly with its Sun) and the impact of space conditions (radiation, gravity, etc.) on Earth-borne organisms....
Dra. Luisa Lara
25/03/2021 - 12:30
SO Web-Colloquia: Searching for the formation mechanisms of brown dwarfs
New generation of Submillimeter facilities in the North of Chile, like the APEX antenna and the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), offers for the first time the possibility for studying the formation of stars, brown dwarfs, and planets with unprecedented sensitivity and angular resolution in the millimeter/submillimeter regime. The formation of Brown Dwarfs (BDs) is a debated topic of research. The most widely discussed...
Dr. Itziar de Gregorio Monsalvo
18/03/2021 - 12:45
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Dr. Ricardo Gil-Hutton
04/03/2021 - 12:30
Multiple stellar populations in globular clusters: Properties, origin, open questions
Globular clusters (GCs) are fascinating objects nearly as old as the Universe that provide insight on a large variety of astrophysical and cosmological processes. However, their formation and their early dynamical evolution are far from being understood. In particular, the classical paradigm describing GCs as large systems of coeval stars formed out of chemically homogeneous material has been definitively swept away by recent high-precision...
Dr. Corinne Charbonnel
25/02/2021 - 12:30
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Dr Reque Teguay
18/02/2021 - 12:30
SETI, from the view of SKA and precursors
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Dr. Mike Garrett
11/02/2021 - 12:30
The influence of the star-forming environment on planetary systems
Planet formation occurs at the same time as star formation, and so the environments in which stars are born are also the birthplaces of planetary systems. Star forming regions are very dense, meaning that encounters between stars and planetary systems are common. Furthermore, the intense UV radiations fields from intermediate and massive stars can truncate, or destroy protoplanetary discs. In this talk, I will describe the detrimental effects of...
Dr. Richard Parker
04/02/2021 - 12:30
PHANGS-Halpha : A narrow-band survey of nearby star-forming galaxies observed with ALMA
This work collects a representative sample of star-forming galaxies as part of a major effort the Physics at High Angular resolution in Nearby GalaxieS (PHANGS) collaboration has been making to build surveys with matched cloud-scale resolutions. Observations resolved at 50–150 pc are necessary to isolate individual Giant Molecular Clouds (GMCs) and HII regions to probe different phases of star formation from cold gas to stellar clusters. In this...
Dr. Alessandro Razza
28/01/2021 - 18:00
SO Web-Colloquia: Vera C. Rubin Observatory: A Big Data Machine for the 21st Century
The Vera Rubin Observatory (former LSST) will be a transformative instrument for all of astrophysics, from cosmology to star formation. This talk will cover its operations and science with a particular view on Big Data.
Dr. Meredith Rawls
21/01/2021 - 12:30
SO Web-Colloquia: Osiris-Rex: results on a mission to understand planetary systems
In September 2016, the NASA OSIRIS-REx spacecraft was successfully launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, in Florida. That was the beginning of an amazing journey to reach near-Earth asteroid Bennu, collect a sample of material from its surface, and bring it back to Earth in 2023. The so-called “Touch-And-Go” maneuver or TAG, took place on October 20, 2020 and the sample collector head has been safely placed into the Sample Return...
Dra. Julia de León
14/01/2021 - 18:00
SO Web-Colloquia: The Blanco DECam Bulge Survey
The Blanco Dark Energy Camera (DECam) Bulge survey is a Vera Rubin Observatory (LSST) pathfinder imaging survey, spanning ∼ 200 sq. deg. of the Southern Galactic bulge, −2◦
Dr. Michael Rich
12/01/2021 - 12:30
SO Web-Colloquia: Primordial black holes, gravitational waves and dark matter
More than twenty years ago, we predicted that massive primordial black holes (PBH) would form via the gravitational collapse of radiation and matter associated with high peaks in the spectrum of curvature fluctuations, and that they could constitute all of the dark matter (DM) today. In 2015, we predicted the clustering and broad mass distribution of PBH, which peaks at several Msun, and whose high-mass tails could be responsible for the seeds...
Dr. Juan García-Bellido
18/12/2020 - 12:30
SO Webloquia: ESO: supporting European leadership in ground-based astronomy
ESO is de facto the lead world-wide organisation in building and operating most powerful ground-based astronomical observatories. The success of the organisation relies on the support of its member states and the cooperation with the community, among other key factors. Over 1000 refereed papers are published every year using data from ESO facilities, with an increasingly larger fraction of these data coming from the archive. Among these...
Prof. Xavier Barcons
17/12/2020 - 12:30
SO Web-Colloquia: On the formation of stellar clusters
In this presentation, I will show how the analysis of the spatial distribution of young stars (YSO) and its comparison to the core population can reveal stellar formation episodes in star forming regions, and help us understand the fragmentation process. I will focus in particular on two very different regions: the relatively massive cluster NGC2264 and the Taurus association. Our recent study of the clump and YSO populations in NGC 2264...
Dra. Estelle Moraux
10/12/2020 - 12:30
SO Web-Colloquia: Stellar population gradients and kinematics of ETGs as revealed by MaNGA
In this talk I will summarise the findings presented in a series of four papers dedicated to the study of early type galaxies (ETGs) with integral field spectroscopy (IFU) from the MaNGA survey. The formation channels and mass assembly of ETGs is still a matter of debate in current galaxy evolution models. The combined analysis of galaxy kinematics and stellar population gradients (age, metallicity, alpha-enhancement, initial mass function -IMF...
Dra. Helena Domínguez Sánchez
03/12/2020 - 12:30
From direct imaging to gravitational waves: tracing the life of gas giant exoplanets
In two decades, the field of exoplanet science has undergone nothing short of a revolution. With such a variety of planetary systems detected, the next step in exoplanet research is to characterise the properties of these systems. In this talk I will focus on “life and adventures” of gas giant exoplanets, and present how future space missions such as JWST, ARIEL and LISA will help us understand the nature, formation and evolutionary history of...
Dr. Camilla Danielski
19/11/2020 - 12:30
SO Web-Colloquia: Flaring on the Sun at all scales
The Sun shows activity across a wide range of size and energy scales. We shall take a journey from the smallest scale events to the largest energy releases in the solar system. The energy release is due to the magnetic fields on the Sun and how they interact. Using EUV/UV spectroscopy different layers of the solar atmosphere can be probed in order to understand the physical processes that occur. The EUV imaging spectrometer onboard the Hinode...
Dr. Louise Harra
12/11/2020 - 12:30
SO web.Colloquio: GRAVITY+, all Sky, High Contrast, Milli-Arcsecond Optical Interferometric Imaging and Spectroscopy
GRAVITY and the VLTI have transformed high angular resolution astronomy with groundbreaking results on the Galactic Center, active galactic nuclei, and exoplanets. The GRAVITY+ project will soon boost optical interferometry to the next level, opening up the extragalactic sky for milli-arcsecond resolution interferometric imaging, giving access to targets as faint as K = 22 mag, and providing ever higher contrast for the observation of...
Dr. Frank Eisenhauer
05/11/2020 - 12:30
SO Web-Coloquia: The Arecibo Observatory Roadmap for the Future: science enhancement plans under UCF management
The Arecibo Observatory (AO) has supported cutting-edge research in the fields of Astronomy, Planetary Science, and Space Atmospheric Science for decades. The unprecedented sensitivity of the Arecibo antenna has led to fundamental contributions in a wide variety of research programs, including the first detection of an exoplanet around pulsar (Wolszczan...
Dr. Noemi Pinilla-Alonso
29/10/2020 - 17:00
Our Galactic Center: A Unique Laboratory for the Physics & Astrophysics of Black Holes
The proximity of our Galaxy's center presents a unique opportunity to study a galactic nucleus with orders of magnitude higher spatial resolution than can be brought to bear on any other galaxy. After more than a decade of diffraction-limited imaging on large ground-based telescopes, the case for a supermassive black hole at the Galactic center has gone from a possibility to a certainty, thanks to measurements of individual stellar orbits. The...
Dr. Andrea Ghez
22/10/2020 - 12:30
We’ve never imaged the Sun’s surface from that close. Solar Orbiter will change that
In February 10, 2020, Solar Orbiter, the new ESA's Sun-exploring mission built in collaboration with NASA, was successfully launched atop an ULA Atlas 5 rocket from Cape Canaveral in Florida. Equipped with ten instruments, six for remote sensing and four for in-situ measurements of the solar heliospheric conditions, it will get as close as 0.28 astronomical units (or 42 million kilometres) to the Sun in a mission that can last more than ten...
Dr. David Orozco
15/10/2020 - 12:30
So Web-Colloquia: The star formation process on cloud-scales in nearby galaxies
Where do stars form and how is their formation regulated across galactic disks are two critical questions for our understanding of the star formation process. High angular observations of nearby galaxies allow us to sample the star formation process across entire galactic disks reaching now regularly the scales of the star-forming units, namely Giant Molecular Clouds (GMCs) and HII regions. Such data provide new insights on the molecular gas...
Dr Eva Schinnerer
08/10/2020 - 12:30
SO Web-Colloquia: Recent findings on nova explosions
Nova events are the result of the interaction of low-mass binary systems. A compact white dwarf (WD) accretes material from an old and cold companion until a thermonuclear runaway takes place on its surface. Such explosive events can be considered the scaled-down siblings of supernova (SN) explosions, but its study has many advantages over SNe, as nova events are more numerous (some systems even exhibit recurrent explosions within decades) and...
Dr. Toalá Sanz
01/10/2020 - 12:30
SO Web-Colloquia: Following black hole evolution from z=5: mergers and outflows
The growth and evolution of the most massive black holes, and their host galaxies, can be followed from z=7 and even earlier. The critical events that shape this evolution are major mergers, Eddington or super-Eddington accretion, violent star formation, and powerful outflows. I will present the results of a systematic study of 40 AGN at z~4.8 using Gemini, VLT, Herschel and ALMA. Our recent (2019) ALMA data allow a fresh look at major mergers...
Dr. Hagai Netzer
24/09/2020 - 12:30
The power of low activity black holes
It is possible that most galaxies host a black hole at the centre, most of the time this being in a relatively quiescent state. The so-called low luminosity Active Galactic Nuclei are characteristic of this phase. These objects represent the vast majority of the active galactic nuclei (AGN) population in the near universe, and still the least conforming class with the standard AGN scenario. Their low luminosity is at odds with their often...
Dr. Almudena Prieto
17/09/2020 - 12:30
SO Web-Colloquia: J-PAS: First light results of the JPCam
The Javalambre-Physics of the Acclerating Universe Asptrohysical Survey (J-PAS) have just started to scan thousands of square degrees of the northern sky with 56 narrow band filters and the JPCam instrument with the telescope 2.5m of the Javalambre Observatory. Before the JPCam started its operation, we have observed with the pathfinder camera one sq. deg on the AEGIS field (along the extended Groth Strip). This colloquium will present the...
Dr. Silvia Bonoli
10/09/2020 - 12:30
SO Web-loquio: Massive black hole binaries in the cosmos
Massive black holes weighing from a few thousands to tens of billions of solar masses inhabit the centers of today's galaxies, including our own Milky Way. Massive black holes also shone as quasars in the past, with the earliest detected a mere one billion years after the Big Bang. Along cosmic time, encounters between galaxies hosting massive black holes in their centers have produced binary massive black holes that eventually coalesced by...
Dr. Marta Volonteri
03/09/2020 - 12:30
SO Web-loquio: Active Galactic Nuclei: fueling and feedback
Dynamical mechanisms are essential to exchange angular momentum in galaxies, drive the gas to the center, and fuel the central super-massive black holes. While at 100pc scale, the gas is sometimes stalled in nuclear rings, recent observations reaching 10pc scale, or 60mas with ALMA, have revealed, within the sphere of influence of the black hole, smoking gun evidence of fueling. Observations of AGN feedback will be described, together with the...
Dr. Françoise Combes
30/07/2020 - 12:30
SO Webloquio:The Orion Radio All-Stars: new insights into YSO radio emission, using the VLA, VLBA, and ALMA
With significant new observing capabilities, centimeter-wavelength radio astronomy is currently in a renaissance leading up to the advent of the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), highlighting new opportunities and also technical challenges. The sensitivity upgrades of both the NRAO Very Large Array (VLA) and the Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) have begun to provide us with a much improved perspective on stellar centimeter radio emission,...
Jan Forbrich
23/07/2020 - 12:30
X-ray Astronomy for non (X-ray) astronomers
Observations of X-rays coming from outside the solar system were pioneered in 1962 by Riccardo Giacconi and colleagues. From that very day, it became evident that X-rays would reveal a very different Universe to that shown by optical or radio telescopes. Indeed, X-rays are typically produced in the environment of black holes, or where the ambient temperature exceeds millions of degrees. X-ray telescopes (which, for good reason, are in orbit)...
Dr. Xavier Barcons
25/06/2020 - 12:30
Peering into the Dark: Probing the Formation and Early Evolution of Massive Stars
This presentation will focus on recent work aimed at understanding the formation and early evolution of massive protostars. The massive (M>8 Msol) stars into which these evolve are the primary drivers of galactic ecosystems. The energy and nuclear processed material these massive stars inject into their enviroment during their lives and ultimately as supernovae, shapes the physical and chemical evolution of the ISM in galaxies. These stars...
Dr. Gary Fuller
18/06/2020 - 12:30
Exploring the origin of gas-rich ultra-diffuse galaxies with HI kinematics
Ultra-diffuse galaxies (UDGs) are one of the most discussed topics in extra-Galactic astronomy in the last lustrum given their puzzling properties: they have luminosities typical of dwarf galaxies, but optical scale lengths similar to very massive spirals. This intriguing combination is hard to explain, and up to date the precise formation mechanism of UDGs remains unknown. With the goal of learning more about their origins, our group has...
Pavel E. Mancera Piña
04/06/2020 - 12:30
TuMaG: un magnetógrafo para Sunrise III
After the scientific success of the two first flights of the Sunrise stratospheric balloon mission, the international consortium led by MPS (Göttingen, Germany) decided to re-issue the mission for a third time. For Sunrise III, a new gondola and navigation system will be provided by APL (Johns Hopkins University, MD) and the re-furbished telescope by MPS. The latter also provides the instrumental platform and the light distribution system while...
Dr. José Carlos del Toro Iniesta
28/05/2020 - 12:30
Galaxy clusters and their environment
Clusters of galaxies are located at the intersection of cosmic filaments. I will first describe how we have found large extensions around clusters, at optical and/or X-ray wavelengths, suggesting that we are indeed detecting the cosmic web around clusters, and I will discuss some galaxy properties in one of these extended filaments. At the cluster scale, I will then describe our searches for substructures in X-rays and show how X-ray...
Dr. Florence Durret
14/05/2020 - 12:30
Gamma-ray Emitting Narrow Line Seyfert 1 Galaxies: Past, Present, & Future
The detection of significant gamma-ray emission from about a-dozen radio-loud narrow line Seyfert 1 (NLSy1) galaxies by Fermi-Large Area Telescope has opened up a realm to explore the physical conditions needed to launch relativistic jets in a different central engine and host galaxy environment than that is known for more-common jetted active galactic nuclei, i.e. blazars. Promising results acquired from various multi-wavelength campaigns are...
Dr. Vaidehi S. Paliya
31/03/2020 - 12:30
HI mapping of nearby dwarf galaxies with SKA pathfinders: unique capabilities of KAT-7 and MeerKAT
Dwarf galaxies are by far the most numerous galaxies in the Local Universe. Their simple structure and proximity provides a unique window to the detailed investigation of various processes necessary for galaxy formation and evolution. One of the most reliable approach for studying the evolution of galaxies is to look at their physical properties using the neutral hydrogen gas (HI).  In this talk I will present ongoing work on the HI properties...
Dr. Brenda Namumba
19/03/2020 - 12:30
Study on astrophysical masers in the era of SKA/SKA-VLBI
In my colloquium talk, out of the introduction topics mentioned above, I will focus my talk on trigonometry of maser sources yielded with the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) Phase 1. This is one of the science cases that have been planned as Japanese scientific contributions to SKA1. Its key issue is the scientific and technical feasibility in the low frequency band, corresponding to SKA1-MID Band 2 around 1.6 GHz, in which atmospheric effects on...
Dr. Prof Hiroshi Imai
17/03/2020 - 12:30
Magnetic fields, rotation, and activity in M dwarf stars
M dwarfs are known to generate the strongest magnetic fields among main-sequence stars with convective envelopes, but we are still lacking a consistent picture of the link between the magnetic fields and underlying dynamo mechanisms, rotation, and activity. For instance, models predict that the maximum magnetic flux a star can generate scales with convective energy stored in its envelope, but no accurate measurements existed until recently....
Dr. Denis Shulyak
05/03/2020 - 12:30
Round Table: Dia de la Mujer
To be provided
Round Table
27/02/2020 - 12:30
Proper motion study of the Galactic Centre
Stellar proper motion studies in the centre of the Milky Way have been typically limited to the Quintuplet, Arches, and central parsec clusters. In this talk, I will present the primary results of a large-scale proper motion study of the central ~ 36' x16' of the Galaxy based on our GALACTICNUCLEUS survey (epoch 2015) combined with the HST Paschen-alpha survey (epoch 2008). This region of our Galaxy is not covered sufficiently by the existing...
Dr. Banafsheh Shahzamanian
20/02/2020 - 12:30
Most stars have spatial velocities within a few km/s of the average velocity of their surroundings and can be considered to be gravitationally trapped. There are, however, a small number of stars that move at velocities of tens or even hundreds of km/s with respect to their environment and that will eventually escape from there. The archetypal runaway stars are mu Col and AE Aur that escaped in opposite directions from the vicinity of the Orion...
Dr. Luis Felipe Rodriguez
18/02/2020 - 12:30
Evolution of statistical techniques in Astronomy
The requirement for more robust statistical tools is becoming increasingly higher owing to the demands of various large programmes and the technological advancement producing high-sensitive observations across the electromagnetic spectrum. Among the many existing analyses, the ones working on the time-series as set by the monitoring projects using single-dish/optical telescopes and those of spectral-line observations as rendered by ALMA/IFUs are...
Dr. Venkatessh Ramakrishnan
13/02/2020 - 12:30
From protostars to planets: the astrochemical link
Protostars accrete their material from the natal cloud through accretion disks. These disks are progressively dispersed by the recently formed star to form protoplanetary discs in which planets are born. Although this process takes a few million years, now we think that the final chemical composition of the gas and dust in the proto-planetary disk is to a large extent determined by the chemical evolution in the natal cloud. Determining the...
Dr. Asunción Fuente
11/02/2020 - 12:30
Experiments with MUSE data: Finding SN remnants & other curious sources
One of the ways of following up on the success story of CALIFA is to refine the spatial resolution, and MUSE is the tool for that. Its superb image quality allows for a different kind of science. While browsing through emission line images derived from MUSE datacubes, we have spotted a number of compact-looking sources with forbidden line emission ([OIII], [NII], [SII]) in excess of that typical of HII regions. NGC 4030, a late type spiral 30...
Dr. Roberto Cid Fernandes
06/02/2020 - 12:30
SO Colloquia: Extrasolar planets: recent advances and future challenges
Recently a group of scientists has confirmed the presence of water in the atmosphere of a super Earth orbiting in the habitable zone of its host star. But what what does this milestone represent in the search for life outside Earth? What do we mean by habitable? What do we really know about extrasolar planets, their internal structure or origins? What is a super Earth, the most common planet category know to date for which no example is found in...
Dr. Juan Cabrera
04/02/2020 - 12:30
Cosmic butterflies: the product of tempestuous stellar marriages
Planetary nebulae are some of the most strikingly beautiful astrophysical phenomena known, gracing many a glossy-paged, coffee-table book and earning them the nickname "cosmic butterflies". Classical stellar evolutionary theory states that all intermediate mass stars should produce a planetary nebula, forming as the star leaves the Asymptotic Giant Branch and evolves towards the white dwarf phase. While it remains the standard for astronomy...
Dr. David Jones
31/01/2020 - 12:30
NoiseChisel and Gnuastro: non-parametric detection and analysis of astronomical targets
Astronomical instrumentation has greatly advanced over the last 40 years: with digital detectors, space telescopes and +8m class ground-based telescopes for example. However, the signal-based detection paradigm (for example from Petrosian or Kron in the 1970s, mostly used as implemented in SExtractor from the mid-1990s) is still the dominant method of low-level data analysis: detection, segmentation and measurements or catalog production. In...
Dr. Mohammad Akhlagh
30/01/2020 - 12:30
Mirror-slicer Array for Astronomical Transients. A new Integral Field Spectroscopy mode for OSIRIS at GTC
MAAT (Mirror-slicer Array for Astronomical Transients) is proposed as a new mirror-slicer optical system that will allow the OSIRIS spectrograph at the 10.4 m GTC the capability to perform integral-field spectroscopy (IFS) over a seeing-limited field of view 14.20’' x 10'' with a slice width of 0.303''. MAAT will enhance the resolution power of OSIRIS by 1.6 times with respect to its 0.6'' wide long-slit. All the eleven OSIRIS grisms and VPHs...
Dr. Francisco Prada
23/01/2020 - 12:30
SO Colloquia: Extragalactic survey science in the 2020s: the role of radio continuum observations with the SKA
Extragalactic surveys in the 2020s will reveal the full diversity of the galaxy assembly process: from environment-dependent evolution to the build-up of mass inside galaxies, and with a complete accounting of all relevant processes/constituents ensured by multi-wavelength coverage. Observations at radio wavelengths carry a unique potential in that they can probe star-formation activity and cold gas content, i.e. place constraints on both galaxy...
Mark T. Sargent