Seminars

Scientific seminars exposed by scientists and technologists of the IAA and the many centers and research institutions who visit us. They show the intense scientific exchange, they are held at 12:30 every Thursday. Seminars are broadcasted live at IAA - CSIC Seminars Live.

 

Guidelines

For further information, please contact duffard (at) iaa.es.

Displaying 1 - 50 of 1004



Pages

16/04/2020 - 12:00
SO Colloquia
to be provided
to be provided
02/04/2020 - 12:30
SO Colloquia: To be defined
To be defined
Dr. Elias Brinks
19/03/2020 - 12:30
Study on astrophysical masers in the era of SKA/SKA-VLBI
to be provided
Dr. Prof Hiroshi Imai
05/03/2020 - 12:30
Round Table: Dia de la Mujer
To be provided
Round Table
27/02/2020 - 12:30
to be defined
to be defined
Dr. Luis Felipe Rodriguez
20/02/2020 - 12:30
to be provided
to be provided
Dr. Banafsheh Shahzamanian
13/02/2020 - 12:30
From protostars to planets: the astrochemical link
Protostars accrete their material from the natal cloud through accretion disks. These disks are progressively dispersed by the recently formed star to form protoplanetary discs in which planets are born. Although this process takes a few million years, now we think that the final chemical composition of the gas and dust in the proto-planetary disk is to a large extent determined by the chemical evolution in the natal cloud. Determining the...
Dr. Asuncion Fuente
11/02/2020 - 12:30
To be defined
To be defined
Dr. Cid Fernandez
06/02/2020 - 12:30
Extrasolar planets: recent advances and future challenges
Recently a group of scientists has confirmed the presence of water in the atmosphere of a super Earth orbiting in the habitable zone of its host star. But what what does this milestone represent in the search for life outside Earth? What do we mean by habitable? What do we really know about extrasolar planets, their internal structure or origins? What is a super Earth, the most common planet category know to date for which no example is found in...
Dr. Juan Cabrera
04/02/2020 - 12:30
Cosmic butterflies: the product of tempestuous stellar marriages
Planetary nebulae are some of the most strikingly beautiful astrophysical phenomena known, gracing many a glossy-paged, coffee-table book and earning them the nickname "cosmic butterflies". Classical stellar evolutionary theory states that all intermediate mass stars should produce a planetary nebula, forming as the star leaves the Asymptotic Giant Branch and evolves towards the white dwarf phase. While it remains the standard for astronomy...
Dr. David Jones
31/01/2020 - 12:30
(Edif C) NoiseChisel and Gnuastro: non-parametric detection and analysis of astronomical targets
Astronomical instrumentation has greatly advanced over the last 40 years: with digital detectors, space telescopes and +8m class ground-based telescopes for example. However, the signal-based detection paradigm (for example from Petrosian or Kron in the 1970s, mostly used as implemented in SExtractor from the mid-1990s) is still the dominant method of low-level data analysis: detection, segmentation and measurements or catalog production. In...
Dr. Mohammad Akhlagh
30/01/2020 - 12:30
Mirror-slicer Array for Astronomical Transients. A new Integral Field Spectroscopy mode for OSIRIS at GTC
MAAT (Mirror-slicer Array for Astronomical Transients) is proposed as a new mirror-slicer optical system that will allow the OSIRIS spectrograph at the 10.4 m GTC the capability to perform integral-field spectroscopy (IFS) over a seeing-limited field of view 14.20’' x 10'' with a slice width of 0.303''. MAAT will enhance the resolution power of OSIRIS by 1.6 times with respect to its 0.6'' wide long-slit. All the eleven OSIRIS grisms and VPHs...
Dr. Francisco Prada
23/01/2020 - 12:30
SO Colloquia: Extragalactic survey science in the 2020s: the role of radio continuum observations with the SKA
Extragalactic surveys in the 2020s will reveal the full diversity of the galaxy assembly process: from environment-dependent evolution to the build-up of mass inside galaxies, and with a complete accounting of all relevant processes/constituents ensured by multi-wavelength coverage. Observations at radio wavelengths carry a unique potential in that they can probe star-formation activity and cold gas content, i.e. place constraints on both galaxy...
Mark T. Sargent
15/01/2020 - 12:30
Public Surveys and new instrumentation for Calar Alto Observatory
The Calar Alto observatory (CAHA) is a key institution for the international astronomical community, for its highly competitive astronomical facilities (telescopes and instrumentation). From 2019 on, the current administration of CAHA includes the Junta de Andalucía as a new partner – replacing the Max Planck Gesellschaft -, and together with the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) these two institutions manage the operation of the...
Dr. Jesus Aceituno
09/01/2020 - 12:30
Galaxy evolution and weak lensing studies in the J-PAS survey
During the next year, the J-PAS survey will start imaging the northern sky with a unique photometric system composed of 56 narrow and 4 broad bands. The peculiar configuration and strategy of this survey pursue to provide accurate low-resolution spectra or photo-spectra (FWHM~125 \AA) allowing us to obtain high-quality photometric redshifts (\sigma_z~0.003 for LRGs) for millions of galaxies across 8000 deg^2 of the sky. Recently, the J-PAS...
Dr. Luis Díaz García
19/12/2019 - 12:30
The SKA precursor telecope MeerKAT as a galaxy evolution explorer
MeerKAT is a radio telescope situated in South Africa's Karoo desert. It has recently been built as an SKA demonstrator and precursor telescope and was inaugurated in August 2018. Since then it has proven to be the world's most sensitive 20cm interferometer and is slowly moving towards standard operation. Thanks to its array layout MeerKAT is a superb telescope to observe in particular the HI line, hence tracing the most abundant atom in its...
Dr. Józsa Gyula István Géza
12/12/2019 - 12:30
NGC 7469 as seen by MEGARA: new results from high-resolution IFU spectroscopy
In this talk I will present highlights from our recent work about the analysis of high-resolution (R ~ 20 000) GTC/MEGARA integral-field unit spectroscopic observations, obtained during the commissioning run, in the inner region (12.5arcsec×11.3arcsec) of the active galaxy NGC7469, at spatial scales of 0.62 arcsec. We explore the kinematics, dynamics, ionisation mechanisms and oxygen abundances of the ionised gas, by modelling the Hα-[NII]...
Dr. Sara Cazzoli
10/12/2019 - 12:30
SO-IAA Colloquium: Unveiling the nature of planetary systems
The burgeoning field of exoplanets has yielded thousands of discoveries, which collectively have the potential to help us better understand our place in the Universe. Every month more and more planetary systems are being discovered,some of them in highly exotic configurations never observed previously. The combination of different techniques and studies are needed to unveil the real nature of these planetary systems. In this seminar, I will...
Dr. Francisco Pozuelos
05/12/2019 - 12:30
Gaia mapping mission and science of Solar System Objects
I will present the generalities of the Gaia surveying mission, and current status. I will then discuss the improvement brought by Gaia over its 5 years and more of mission—starting with DR1—for the science of asteroids and other SSOs; and focusing especially on the astrometry and dynamics of asteroids. After reminding generalities on SSO observations by Gaia - and some of their peculiarities, we present some of the advances obtained from the...
Dr. Daniel Hestroffer
02/12/2019 - 12:30
Molecular outflows: evolution, structure and angular momentum
We present a theoretical model in order to explain the formation and the evolution of the molecular outflows associated to protostars. In this model, we assume that the molecular outflow is a thin shell formed by the interaction between a fast stellar wind and a rotating cloud envelope in gravitational collapse. We obtain a set of partial differential equations, these equations are space and time dependent, and describe the physical properties...
Dr. Alejandro López Vázquez
28/11/2019 - 12:30
SO-IAA Colloquium: Recent advances about the exoplanetary exospheres
The upper atmosphere of a planet plays a key role at protecting the lower altitudes from the effects of energetic stellar EUV and soft X-ray photons and keV-energy precipitating particles. Through a variety of transport processes, the upper atmosphere also participates in the net loss of a planet’s bulk composition into space. As such, the physics and chemistry occurring in the upper atmosphere influence the evolution of a planet over its...
Antonio García Muñoz
26/11/2019 - 12:30
Inverse Compton emission revealed by observations up to TeV energies of GRB 190114C
The hunt for Gamma-Ray-Bursts (GRBs) at very high energy (VHE) started more than 20 years ago. A hint of emission was already claimed by Milagrito from the observations of GRB 970417. On 19 of January the Major Atmospheric Gamma Imaging Cherenkov (MAGIC) clearly detected GRB 190114C above 0.2 TeV. This is the first highly significant detection (over 50sigma reached in the first few tens of minutes after the burst) of a GRB at VHE. GRB190114C...
Dr. Elena Moretti
19/11/2019 - 12:30
METIS instrument: the IMAGER and the SCAO
METIS is one of the three first instruments for the European Extremely Large Telescope (ELT), Europe’s next-generation ground-based telescope for optical and infrared wavelengths which is currently under construction at the ESO site at Cerro Armazones in Chile. METIS is the Mid-infrared ELT Imager and Spectrograph. This instrument will offer imaging, coronagraphy and medium-resolution spectroscopy over the full wavelength range from 3 to 14...
Dr. Concepción Cárdenas
14/11/2019 - 12:30
SO-IAA Colloquium: Outflows and their feedback effect in galaxies
Galactic outflows are an essential component of galaxies' lifecycle. They regulate star formation and can even totally quench star formation in galaxies, hence transforming star forming galaxies into passive systems. I will review the properties of galactic outflows, their multi-phase nature, their driving mechanism, both in normal star forming galaxies and in galaxies hosting Active Galactic Nuclei, both in the local Universe and in...
Dr. Roberto Maiolino
12/11/2019 - 12:30
Study of the diversity of AGN dust models
The dust component of active galactic nuclei (AGN) produces a broad infrared spectral energy distribution (SED), whose power and shape depends on the fraction of the source absorbed, and the geometry of the absorber respectively. This emitting region is expected to be concentrated within the inner ∼5 pc of the AGN which makes almost impossible to image it with the current instruments. The study the infrared SED by comparison between infrared AGN...
Dr. Omaira González-Martín
07/11/2019 - 12:30
SO-IAA Colloquium: Characterization of (exo)Planetary Atmospheres
Characterization of planetary atmospheres has always been a challenge. While the next generation of facilities, such as ELT, JWST, and ARIEL, will improve our understanding of planetary atmospheres, the number of well-characterized exoplanet atmospheres is expected to remain limited. Large-scale simulations assist us with this shortcoming by predicting the diversity of the planetary atmospheres, connecting the spare observational measurements,...
Dr. Karan Molaverdikhani
31/10/2019 - 12:30
SO-IAA Colloquium: Neutral and molecular gas outflows as tracers of the impact of radio jets
Our view of the gas and its physical conditions in the central region of AGN has been enriched by the discover of fast and massive outflows of HI and molecular gas. These outflows can be driven by radiation/winds but also by the interaction of the radio plasma with the ISM. Understanding the origin and quantifying their impact requires to trace their location and derive their physical conditions (density of the gas, mass, mass outflow rate and...
Dr. Raffaella Morganti
29/10/2019 - 12:30
Nebular HeII emission from spatially resolved metal-poor star-forming galaxies
Nebular HeII1640,4686 emission, observed to be more frequent in high-z galaxies than locally, is indicative of far harder ionizing spectrum than that seen in nearby systems. Star-forming galaxies with lower metal content tend to have a larger nebular HeII intensities compared to those with higher metallicities. This agrees with the expected harder spectral energy distribution at the lower metallicities typical in the early universe. Theoretical...
Dra. Carolina Kehrig
24/10/2019 - 12:30
ANALOGUES OF HIGH REDSHIFT GALAXIES: DISENTANGLING THE COMPLEXITY OF THE GREEN PEAS
Young low-mass galaxies with extreme emission-line properties are ubiquitous at high redshift and they are believed to play a key role in cosmic reionisation and the early growth of galaxies at z>4-6. However, a detailed characterisation of their physical properties, critical for a better understanding of these two outstanding problems, is yet not possible. A unique population of lower-z analogues of these primeval systems, dubbed Green Pea (GP...
Dr. Ricardo Amorin
23/10/2019 - 12:30
Molecular spectroscopy at high resolution for everyone
Molecular observations at high resolution is being revolutionized by the success of ALMA and the upcoming advent of SKA. In this talk I will explain the recent progress in the field of molecular observations in the central regions of galaxies and the big steps that we are currently making in the use and understanding of molecular tracers as a proxy to buried physical processes in active galaxies. I will show some preliminary results from the...
Dr. Sergio Martín Ruiz
22/10/2019 - 12:30
Data mining Gaia DR2: the quest for Pre-Main Sequence Stars (and their discs)
As the birth-sites of planets, protoplanetary discs have become the object of intense study during the last years. Constraining their typical lifetimes, masses and/or sizes is crucial to understand the process of planet formation. These objects are a natural by-product of early stellar evolution, and therefore a high fraction of Pre-Main Sequence Stars (PMS) are surrounded by a protoplanetary disc. The current census of PMS (and discs) has been...
Dr. Héctor Cánovas
17/10/2019 - 12:30
SO-IAA Colloquium: What's is the metallicity of cool dwarf stars?
Cool dwarfs are the most numerous stars in the Galaxy and they account for most of its baryonic mass. However, they are likely the least understood main sequence stars. Their complex atmospheres, due to their low temperatures and high surface gravities, have made their spectroscopic study a hard task. Until recently, their basic physical properties, such as radii and mass, were poorly constrained due to the lack of empirical data. Stellar...
Bárbara Rojas-Ayala
10/10/2019 - 12:30
THE INNER DEBRIS OF SN1987A: MOLECULAR AND DUST EMISSION
The supernova SN1987A in the Large Magellanic Cloud, together with new instrumentation like ALMA, offers an unprecedented opportunity to tackle fundamental issues of supernova explosions. Large masses of molecules and dust have been formed in its inner debris over the last 25 years. Recently developed tomographic techniques have allowed to obtain 3D-images of its molecular emission. Also, high-resolution images of dust emission have recently...
Prof. Jon Marcaide
07/10/2019 - 12:30
SO Colloquia: FPGAs in space: current experiences, future challenges and opportunities
FPGAs are key components in space equipment due to their versatility and performance to implement digital functions. They are embarked in satellites and used in many applications; such as observing the earth, provide telecommunications and navigation services as well as to contribute to science and explore the wider Universe. The FPGAs face very different conditions in space compared to the terrestrial applications, especially due to the...
Merodio Codinachs
04/10/2019 - 12:30
Cúmulos Jóvenes: eclosionando, moviéndose, volando
En las últimas dos décadas, nuestro conocimiento de los cúmulos estelares jóvenes, ha progresado rápidamente del uso de imágenes estáticas con cada vez mayor calidad, hacia mapas de movimientos en seis dimensiones (posiciones, velocidades), que están cambiando muchas de nuestras ideas de cómo los cúmulos estelares surgen de los complejos de nubes moleculares. Conforme nos movemos de escalas de parsecs a hectoparsecs, ahora vemos a los cúmulos...
Dr. Carlos G. Román Zúñiga
03/10/2019 - 12:30
Some aspects of high precision machines for astronomical applications
Cranfield Precision are not specialists in astronomy but their expertise in designing and building very precise special-purpose machines has contributed to several important astronomical projects. In this talk I will show several machines with astronomical applications and select some features of particular interest for discussion.
Richard May-Miller
19/09/2019 - 12:30
JPAS: A survey for Galaxy Evolution studies
JPAS is a survey of 5000-8000 deg2 of the sky with 56 narrow band filters in the Observatory of Javalabre. This survey is very relevant for Cosmology, Galaxy Evolution and Stellar Physics studies. In January 2020, JPAS with its JPCam will have the first light. However, the project has already taken data of 2 deg2 of the sky in two cosmological fields (AEGIS and JWST-NEP). The 2-4th of December will be the first data release (DR1) during the RIA...
Dr. Rosa González Delgado
12/09/2019 - 12:30
Detection of Exocomets: The gaseous environment of Main-Sequence Stars
Planetesimals and small solid bodies in general are key to understand the chemical and dynamical evolution of planetary systems. Direct detection outside the Solar System is still not feasible. However, indirect evidences of such bodies as dusty debris disks or the presence of large amounts of gas in the close-in surroundings of main-sequence stars have been collected for over 30 years now. Transient events observed as variable non-...
Dr. Isabel Rebollido
05/09/2019 - 12:30
Broad line AGN in the MaNGA survey
This talk presents a way to find Type I Active Galactic Nuclei in the MaNGA survey (Mapping Nerby Galaxies at Apache point observatory). The method is based on flux ratios between spectral regions where a broad line in emission is expected. Likewise, the spectroscopic analysis of 44 galaxies with nuclear activity is shown; as well as the estimation of the mass of supermassive black holes and the effect that the active nucleus has on...
Dra. Alenka Negrete
09/07/2019 - 12:30
The Orientation of the Collimated Outflows of Planetary Nebula: Independence Day
The discovery of collimated outflows in planetary nebulae (PNe) has changed the paradigm of PN formation. They actively participate in the nebular shaping immediately before or while fast stellar winds and D-type ionization fronts shock and swept the nebular envelope. The general properties of collimated outflows of PNe cannot be studied because projection effects do not allow us to determine their space velocities and linear sizes. The large...
Jackeline Suzett Rechy Garcia & Martin A. Guerrero
27/06/2019 - 12:30
Stellar Tidal Streams in Nearby Galaxies as Dark Matter Probes
Mergers and tidal interactions between massive galaxies and their dwarf satellites are a fundamental prediction of the Lambda-Cold Dark Matter cosmology. These events are thought to influence galaxy evolution throughout cosmic history and to provide important observational diagnostics of nonlinear structure formation. Thin stellar streams in the Milky Way and Andromeda galaxies are spectacular evidence for satellite disruption at the...
Dr. David Martinez-Delgado
25/06/2019 - 12:30
Properties of ionized outflows in MaNGA DR2 galaxies
Feedback originated from star formation and AGN activity in galaxies can have a significant impact on their evolution. The action of feedback leads to several processes that might have a significant effect on the surrounding gas, for example by heating the system, halting or enhancing star formation, or enriching the interstellar medium. Constraining the incidence and properties of feedback events such as ionized outflows is therefore crucial to...
Bruno Rodríguez Del Pino
19/06/2019 - 11:00
SO Colloquia: Searching extended line-emission objects in wide-field surveys: The IPHAS experience
One of the problems we are facing in the study of evolved low- and intermediate-mass stars such as Planetary Nebulae (PNe) is the lack of completeness. Most known PNe belong to the bright or intermediate part of the luminosity function, leaving out those at the faint end. Any global chemical, kinematical, and physical analysis of the PN population is therefore biased. In 2003 the INT Photometric Halpha Survey started scanning the...
Dra. Laurence Sabin
18/06/2019 - 12:30
Oxygen Line Diagnostics in X-ray spectroscopy
Line diagnostics is very important to understand the physics of astronomical sources. Taking advantage of oxygen line diagnostics in X-ray spectroscopy, I will show some of our research for both the moderate-resolution the high-resolution X-ray spectra based on the newly updated atomic database (ATOMDB). I will demonstrate its power for SgrA spectrum, HII regions, and some nearby galaxies. In addition, I will introduce related space mission...
Dr. Li Ji
13/06/2019 - 12:30
Back to Orion
Orion is the massive star formation region closest to the Sun and in consequence it has been studied in detail. I will present three recent results from the IRyA group on this region. The first one is the ultraprecise determination of the distance to Orion using VLBI observations of stars with non-thermal emission. The second result is a study of the kinematics of the stars with either termal or non-thermal emission. Finally, we will focus on...
Dr. Luis F. Rodríguez
07/06/2019 - 12:30
The Very Large Array Sky Survey (VLASS) and the next generation Very Large Array (ngVLA)
The VLASS is part of a new generation of radio sky surveys. It covers the entire sky above -40 degrees declination. Observations started with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array in 2017 and the first epoch covering the entire survey area will be completed by July 2019. This will be followed by two more complete passes with an anticipated completion by 2024. In comparison to previous surveys, the observations are performed at 2-4 GHz and at...
Dr. Frank Schinzel
04/06/2019 - 12:30
Correlations between the size and the stellar population properties of quiescent galaxies
During the last decades, many authors have put large efforts to shed light on the mechanisms responsible of the generalized growth in size of galaxies, as well as to disentangle the main “driver” of their stellar content. In our study, we aim at stating new constraints on the mechanisms that may drive the growth in size of massive galaxies through the study of the stellar population properties of quiescent galaxies within the stellar mass-...
Dr. Luis Díaz García.
24/05/2019 - 11:30
A prototype SKA Science Regional Centre at the IAA
In this seminar we will describe our involvement in the design of the SRCs, how we are preparing for hosting an SRC at the IAA - one of the strategic objectives of the IAA Severo Ochoa programme - as well as potential benefits for the IAA and collaboration opportunities, such as the one already started with the PLATO team. We will conclude by illustrating the challenges associated with following Open Science principles with an example of their...
Lourdes Verdes-Montenegro, Susana Sánchez, Michael G. Jones
17/05/2019 - 12:30
TIDES, PLANETARY WAVES, AND ATMOSPHERIC COUPLING
A growing number of studies report linkages between unrelated stratospheric and upper atmospheric phenomena. For example, stratospheric warmings correlate with ionospheric perturbations, and with reductions in polar mesospheric cloud occurrence. Understanding these so-called teleconnections is important for prediction of the near-space environment, and interpreting global change proxies. Tides and planetary waves are important agents for...
Dr. Ruth Lieberman
16/05/2019 - 12:30
Active Galactic Nuclei and their large-scale structure: an eROSITA mock catalogue
I will present in this talk a methodology to construct mock catalogs for X-ray selected AGN samples based on dark matter only N-body simulations. With this method, we predict observed AGN magnitudes in the UV, optical and NIR bands, by adopting a set of empirical spectral energy distributions.
Dr. Johan Comparat

Pages