Scientific seminars exposed by scientists and technologists of the IAA and the many centers and research institutions who visit us. They show the intense scientific exchange, they are held at 12:30 every Thursday. Seminars are broadcasted live at IAA - CSIC Seminars Live.



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Displaying 1 - 50 of 1203


07/11/2024 - 12:30
SO coloquio: The tidal arms of open star clusters are much longer than thought, but more difficult to find
The tidal arms of stellar clusters are an important tool for studying the clusters’ birth conditions, their evolution, coupling, and interaction with the Galactic potential. They also help understand how field stars populate the Milky Way. Thanks to Gaia, much progress has been accomplished in finding the tidal arms of open clusters. I will show here that such arms are much longer than previously observed, and that their identification requires...
Dr. Henri Boffin
03/10/2024 - 12:30
Posible coloquio SO escuela interferometria
09/07/2024 - 12:30
Dust in protoplanetary disks, (still) that great unknown
Planetary systems are a side effect in the formation of a star. Planets are believed to be just simply the last remaining of dusty circumstellar disks which is formed around the protostar at very early stages. Thus, understanding how planets are formed requires to understand how dust evolve in these disks. It is less than ten years that we have the possibility of mapping the dust distribution in protoplanetary disks with great detail with...
Carlos Carrasco González
25/06/2024 - 12:30
Dr. Stefano Menchiari
13/06/2024 - 12:30
SO colloquium: The magnetised intergalactic medium revealed by SKA Pathfinders
Using broadband radio polarimetry we can probe regions of diffuse ionised and magnetised gas that are challenging to detect by other means, such as in the halos of galaxies (CGM), in galaxy groups and clusters (IGrM/ICM), and filaments of the cosmic web (ie. WHIM). Here I will highlight recent results from the LOFAR and ASKAP radio telescopes,which use the effect of Faraday rotation to illuminate the CGM, IGrM, ICM and WHIM gas. In particular, I...
Dr. Shane O'Sullivan
06/06/2024 - 12:30
A complex network perspective on Delta Scuti stars
We apply horizontal visibility graphs (HVG) to study the complex network behavior for the delta Sct stars’ light curves observed by TESS. The delta Sct stars are pulsating stars with spectral types A0-F5 and intermediate masses between low-mass stars (≤ 1 Msun) and high-mass stars (≥ 2 Msun). They pulsate in low-order pressure modes and have dominant pulsation frequencies in the 5-80 d−1 range. The high amplitude delta Sct stars (called HADS),...
Dr. Elham Ziaali
21/05/2024 - 12:30
Coloquio SO: Spectroscopy's Role in Stellar Astrophysics
To characterize a star, the stellar fundamental parameters such as mass, radius, metal abundance, and effective temperature should be known. Direct measurements of these parameters, especially for single stars, are quite challenging, and indirect methods are often employed to obtain these characteristics. The most effective method for determining these parameters is spectroscopy, which is an analysis technique of spectra. It allows us to...
Dr. Filiz Kahraman Aliçavuş
14/05/2024 - 12:30
New possibilities for atmospheric analysis with Monte Carlo
In recent years, significant advancements have been made in scientific computing utilizing the Monte Carlo method, particularly at the intersection of two key communities: the heat transfer community and the computer graphics community. The first breakthrough is that the computation time required to solve radiative transfer becomes invariant, whether the ground is described by a single building or thousands of them, whether the 3D clouds are...
Dr. Yannis Inouk Nyffenegger Péré
07/05/2024 - 12:30
Journey into the Galactic Heart: Illuminating the Enigma of the Nuclear Star Cluster and the Nuclear Stellar Disc.
The innermost regions of most galaxies are characterised by the presence of extremely dense nuclear star clusters, which sometimes appear together with larger stellar structures known as nuclear stellar discs. Understanding the relation between nuclear star clusters and nuclear stellar discs is challenging due to the large distance towards other galaxies which limits their analysis to integrated light. In this context, the Milky Way’s centre,...
Francisco Nogueras Lara
30/04/2024 - 12:30
The art of astrophysical measurements: An elementary lecture on photon counting and S/N
Have you ever dared to understand how many photons are detected by your camera when you are pointing the telescope to the sky? Is the action of the spectrograph fully understood when analyzing those photons? Do typical image formation rules hold when studying the polarization of light? All these are a few examples of questions addressed by researchers when designing instruments, which are later constrained by technological capabilities. This...
Dr. José Carlos del Toro Iniesta
25/04/2024 - 12:30
Artificial Intelligence in Service of Galaxy Evolution Research: A Personal Journey
In this seminar, I will present my personal exploration of the application of artificial intelligence in the study of galaxy evolution. Since the early 2010s, the fields of machine learning and deep learning have undergone unprecedented development, marked by enhancements in algorithms and hardware advancements. This progress has significantly influenced various scientific domains. Concurrently, the increasing volume and complexity of data...
Dr. Ginés Martínez Solaeche
15/04/2024 - 12:30
Astronomy with Neutrino Telescopes
In recent decades, high-energy neutrinos of astrophysical origin have become integral members of the multi-messenger astronomy community. Neutrino telescopes have a very particular way to observe the sky, with characteristics different from any other telescope. They are capable of continuously observing the entire sky simultaneously, yet they also necessitate the accumulation of a significant amount of statistical data. IceCube reported the...
Agustín Sánchez Losa
11/04/2024 - 12:30
LP791-18d as a case study for outgassing rocky exoplanets
Over the past three decades, the discovery of over five thousand exoplanets has opened avenues for atmospheric characterization, now feasible for a select subset through spectroscopic observations paired with Bayesian inference techniques. These exoplanetary atmospheres serve as crucial windows into planetary formation and evolutionary histories. Achieving accurate interpretations demands a comprehensive approach, advancing theory and modeling...
Dr. Leonardos Gkouvelis
09/04/2024 - 12:30
Laboratory Research on the Atmospheric Impact of Spacecraft Re-entry Debris: Perspectives and Future Challenges
The rapid growth of space debris, especially in Low Earth Orbit (LEO), poses a rising risk to both space operations and Earth's atmosphere. Debris fragments, even minuscule in size, can cause significant damage due to their high orbital speeds. To mitigate risks, controlled re-entry of debris is common practice, but this introduces a new concern: the increasing mass of human-made materials injected into the atmosphere. As satellites and rocket...
Dr. Antonio Ocaña
04/04/2024 - 12:30
The Earthbound Fate of Meteor Phenomena
Understanding meteor phenomena is essential for promptly and effectively recovering meteorites, predicting meteor showers, studying atmospheric properties, and assessing the threat posed by space objects to both in-orbit and ground-based infrastructure. By observing and interpreting meteor phenomena, we can predict impact consequences and efficiently locate and identify surviving meteorite fragments on the ground. Through dimensional analysis,...
Dr. Maria Gritsevich
02/04/2024 - 12:30
Single-photon gig in Betelgeuse’s occultation
In the realm of astronomical exploration, cutting-edge technologies are indispensable. Single-Photon Avalanche Diode (SPAD) sensors offer unparalleled precision, enabling the detection of individual photons with remarkable timing resolution. However, the current use of single-pixel SPAD devices poses limitations on spatially-resolved imaging in astronomy. Enter two-dimensional SPAD detectors, revolutionizing observation capabilities and enabling...
Dr. Francisco Prada
21/03/2024 - 12:30
The Local Volume Mapper, state of the art
The LVM, one of the three surveys that conform the SDSS-V project, is the first Integral Field Spectroscopy survey of the Local Group, including and unique mapping of the Milky Way. It started survey operations in October 2023, with some early science observations on cheery-peaked targets, and the first observations on the foreseen survey itself. I present here the status of the survey, including the state of the major contributions from the IA...
Dr. Sebastián Sánchez
19/03/2024 - 16:30
Recent Progress in Understanding Solar Flare Magnetism using Data-Driven Simulations and Statistical Analysis of Vector Magnetic Fields
Continuous vector magnetic-field measurements by the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) onboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) allowed us to run data-driven simulations of solar eruptions and perform statistical studies of magnetic-fields for many flares. In this talk I will review new aspects of flare magnetism discovered using SDO data, including progress in data-driven simulations and statistical studies of magnetic-reconnection...
Dr. María Kazachenko
14/03/2024 - 12:30
SO Colloquium: Spatially resolved spectroscopy properties of low-redshift galaxies
We summarize here some of the results reviewed recently by Sanchez (2020) and Sanchez et al. (2021) comprising the advances in the comprehension of galaxies in the nearby universe based on integral field spectroscopic galaxy surveys. We review our current knowledge of the spatially resolved spectroscopic properties of low-redshift star-forming galaxies (and their retired counterparts) using results from the most recent optical integral field...
Dr. Sebastián Sánchez
07/03/2024 - 12:30
SO colloquium: Stars and their close-by planets: clues of magnetic interactions
Stars interact with their close-in planets through the gravitational and magnetic fields and with their radiation. After a general introduction to those interactions, I shall review some observational clues of magnetic star-planet interactions considering data obtained in the optical, X-ray, and radio domains. Based on a stellar force-free coronal field or the excitation of Alfven waves by an orbiting planet, some analytical models will be...
Dr. Antonino Francesco Lanza
05/03/2024 - 12:30
SO colloquium: A new digitized age of SETI – interferometric commensal observations and machine learning
The search for technosignatures - remotely observable indicators of advanced extraterrestrial life - addresses one of the most profound questions in science: are we alone in the universe as intelligent life? The Breakthrough Listen program is leading the most concerted search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI) effort to-date through radio and optical surveys of nearby stars, nearby galaxies and the Milky Way galactic plane, thus...
Dr. Cherry Ng
29/02/2024 - 12:30
SO Colloquium: Eyes on the Invisible: Charting New Horizons with the Event Horizon Telescope
The Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) collaboration has captured the first-ever image of a black hole's event horizon in the galaxy M87, and more recently, in the supermassive black hole at the center of our Milky Way, SgrA*. These images, consistent with Kerr black holes as described by General Relativity, provide the strongest evidence to date for the existence of supermassive black holes in galaxy nuclei. Notably, the first polarization images of...
Dr. Avery Broderick
27/02/2024 - 12:30
Unraveling the Gamma-ray emission in radiogalaxies and their jets
Radio-galaxies are a minority among all extragalactic sources detected in gamma-rays, yet they have excellent potential to study particle acceleration and non-thermal emission in AGN jets. In contrast with blazars, which have jets aligned with the line-of-sight, radio-galaxies have a smaller Doppler boosting factors. The implications are important: First, the distance at which they are detectable in gamma-rays is smaller. Second, the thermal...
Mireia Nievas Rosillo
08/02/2024 - 12:30
The Transient High-Energy Sky and Early Universe Surveyor (THESEUS)
The Transient HIgh-Energy Sky and Early Universe Surveyor (THESEUS) is a mission concept developed by a large European collaboration under study by ESA since 2018 and currently one of the three candidate M7 mission for a launch in mid '30s. THESEUS aims at fully exploiting Gamma-Ray Bursts for investigating the early Universe and as key phenomena for multi-messenger astrophysics. By providing an unprecedented combination of X-/gamma-ray...
Dr. Lorenzo Amati
25/01/2024 - 12:30
Stellar population studies in the J-PAS survey
The Javalambre Physics of the Accelerating Universe Astrophysical Survey (J-PAS) is a large scale multi-filter survey that has started to observe 8500 deg² of the northern sky with 54 narrow-band filters in the optical range (3500-9600Å). In our Galaxy Evolution group at IAA-CSIC, we aimed at developing and testing methodologies in order to perform stellar populations studies using this kind of data. More precisely, I will introduce our SED-...
Dr. Luis Alberto Díaz García
18/01/2024 - 12:30
A Year Beyond the Horizon: Advancing Our Understanding of M87* with New EHT Observations.
In this presentation, we introduce the first follow-up Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) observations of M87*, taken a year after the epoch-making first image. The enhanced imaging, facilitated by additional antennas, increased data rates, and new imaging techniques, not only provides greater detail but also enables us to study the dynamics of the black hole within a year. Due to the embargo, specific results are not included in this abstract, but...
16/01/2024 - 12:30
UGR bureocrazy for dummies: PhDs fight back
Every year we all wonder about the UGR bureaucracy: did we miss something? how could we have known in advance? Let's face it, it's a mess. To try to help us all, especially those who are just starting, I would like to invite everyone interested to a seminar dedicated to understanding what the PhDs have to go through every year (paperwork related), where to find the proper information, who to contact in case of doubt and how to go through the PhD...
Teresa Toscano
11/01/2024 - 12:30
MOSAIC: the high multiplex and multi-IFU spectrograph for the ELT
MOSAIC is the planned multi-object spectrograph for the 39m Extremely Large Telescope (ELT). Conceived as a multi-purpose instrument, it offers both high multiplex and multi-IFU capabilities at a range of intermediate to high spectral resolving powers in the visible and the near-infrared. In this talk I will showcase the key science cases that drive the top-level requirements and the adopted instrument architecture. With a planned first light in...
Dr Ruben Sanchez-Janssen
19/12/2023 - 12:30
Fundamental Physics From Ground-Based Gamma-Rays Observations
Crucial topics in fundamental physics, such as the existence of new particles, or violations of the Lorentz Invariance arising at the Planck scale, can be effectively tackled in the cosmic environment, by means of ground-based observations in the VHE gamma-ray band. This includes both Particle showers detectors, such as LHAASO and Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes, such as MAGIC, H.E.S.S., or the forthcoming CTA and ASTRI Mini-Array. I...
Dr. Giacomo Bonnoli
30/11/2023 - 12:30
SO Colloquium: Studying star-formation in 'collisional' galaxies with MUSE
Galaxies in pre- and post-collisional stages are an excellent laboratory to study the evolution of galaxies, particularly the triggering and suppression of star formation on galactic scales before and after such interactions. In order to analyze the star formation triggered in these systems, we started a series of studies on 'collisional' galaxies with available integral field spectroscopy (IFS) observations. We use Very Large Telescope (VLT)...
Dr. Victor Mauricio A. Gómez González
23/11/2023 - 12:30
SO Colloquium: The transition between super-Earths and sub-Neptunes: Interior and atmosphere modelling of the low-mass planet population
Low-mass exoplanets are showing a diversity in their densities, ranging from silicate-dominated super-Earths to volatile-rich sub-Neptunes. We have developed a coupled interior-atmosphere model that estimates the composition and interior structure of super-Earths and sub-Neptunes assuming water and CO2 atmospheres. The applications of the model include the homogenous analysis of a sample of multi-planetary systems, as well as the assessment of...
Dr. Lorena Acuña
16/11/2023 - 12:30
SO Colloquium: The evolution of the accretion process: investigating the protostellar phase to constraints planet formation
The accretion process is responsible for the mass building during the star formation phase, but our knowledge of this phenomenon is still not totally understood. On one side, the magnetospheric accretion scenario describes the accretion on pre-main sequence (Class II/III) low-mass stars. However, most of the material is supposed to be accreted during the earliest stages, i.e. the protostellar phase (Class 0/I), when the forming star and its disk...
Dr. Fiorellino, Eleonora
09/11/2023 - 12:00
Studying magnetic fields, dynamics, and fundamental physics near a black hole with current and future mm-VLBI instruments
The Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) has imaged the black hole shadows of the supermassive black hole at the center of the galaxy M87 (M87*) and at the center of the Milky Way (Sgr A*). Polarimetric imaging of M87* with the EHT enabled significantly stronger inferences on the black hole and accretion parameters than total intensity data alone. Geometric modeling was a central tool for studying the structure of M87* and Sgr A* in total intensity. In...
Dr. Freek Roelofs
31/10/2023 - 12:30
Outflows from low to high luminous AGNs
Outflows are believed to play a major role in the evolution of galaxies and are said to be ubiquitous within the active galactic nuclei (AGN) population. However, we still lack a comprehensive view of their properties and impact in their host galaxies and the surrounding medium. If we focus on the low luminosity part of the AGN family, in particular in low ionisation nuclear emission-line regions (LINERs), the impact of outflows is still largely...
Laura Hermosa Muñoz
26/10/2023 - 12:30
SO Colloquium: Multi-fluid solar chromosphere
The solar chromosphere is the boundary layer between the interior and exterior of the Sun, routing the origins of the coronal heating. New large-aperture solar telescopes, such as the future 4-meter European Solar Telescope or American DKIST, have among their primary focus observations of chromospheric magnetic fields. The correct interpretation of solar data requires sophisticated theories. The solar chromosphere is made of strongly stratified...
Dr. Elena Khomenko
24/10/2023 - 13:00
The Galactic Center seen with MeerKAT
During its inauguration, the MeerKAT released, to date, the most detailed image of the centre of the Galaxy at L-band (1.28 GHz). Since then, the data have been exploited for various scientific research. One such exploitation was to produce a high resolution mosaic of the Galactic centre. From this mosaic came a catalogue of newly discovered unresolved point sources. Over 1500 sources were identified, of which 20 are steep spectrum point...
Dr. Isabella Rammala
19/10/2023 - 17:00
SO Webloquium: Feeding and Feedback: How to Make a Starburst and What that Means for the Host Galaxy
The cycle of star formation governs the evolution of galaxies. In some local galaxies, the star formation rate in their centers are much higher than other normally star-forming galaxies and may be more similar to galaxies at earlier cosmic times. I present observational results from two archetypal nearby starburst galaxies: NGC253 and M82. First, I will discuss how gas flows to the center of NGC253 along its bar to fuel the extreme burst of...
Dr. Rebecca C. Levy
09/10/2023 - 12:30
SO Colloquium: The demographics of small exoplanets
The diversity of the exoplanet population is beyond our imagination. The more than 5000 known exoplanets vastly differ in mass, size, orbital period, dynamics, and host type. Demographic studies, however, aim to find patterns in the population that inform us about their origin, composition, and evolution. Among these features, perhaps the most surprising is the abundance of planets with no analog in the solar system, also known as sub-Neptunes....
Dr. Rafael Luque
05/10/2023 - 12:30
SO colloquium: A Light in the Dark - Massive Star Birth Through Cosmic Time
Massive stars are important throughout the universe, but their formation remains poorly understood. I review current understanding of how massive stars form in our Galaxy, in particular examining observational tests of various predictions of Core Accretion and Competitive Accretion theories. Finally, I discuss how massive star formation may have been different in the very early universe and how the first stars may have become supermassive...
Dr. Jonathan C. Tan
03/10/2023 - 12:30
Young massive clusters in the Gaia era
After the detection of gravitational waves and the realisation of the wide diversity among core-collapse supernova explosions, Interest in massive stars has been rekindled. Young open clusters are our natural laboratories to explore the lives and deaths of massive stars, and most of our current understanding comes from their study. Until recently, we have been strongly limited by practical difficulties and small number statistics. Most open...
Dr. Ignacio Negueruela
28/09/2023 - 12:30
A VLTI view of Massive Young Stellar Objects (MYSOs)
The formation of massive stars, objects with masses larger than 8 times solar, is central to both stellar astronomy and galactic evolution. In recent years, significant progress has been made in understanding the formation of high-mass young stellar objects (MYSOs; i.e. M∗ ≥ 8 M⊙, Lbol ≥ 5 x 103 L⊙. The latest observational and theoretical studies present evidence that HMYSOs are born in the same way as their low-mass counterparts, via disc...
Dr. Maria Koutoulaki
26/09/2023 - 12:30
Coloquio SO: Extracting stellar populations and (mainly) emission line information out of S-PLUS photometry
We present tests of a new method to simultaneously estimate stellar population and emission line (EL) properties of galaxies out of S-PLUS photometry. The technique uses the AlStar code, updated with an empirical prior which greatly improves its ability to estimate ELs using only the survey's 12 bands. The tests compare the output of (noise-perturbed) synthetic photometry of SDSS galaxies to properties derived from previous (STARLIGHT-based)...
Dr. Roberto Cid Fernandes
21/09/2023 - 12:30
SO Colloquium: Testing black hole structure with very-long-baseline interferometry
Black holes hold a tremendous discovery potential, and experiments such as the Event Horizon Telescope and its next generation upgrade could provide important cues about their structure. New physics beyond general relativity can modify the structure of black holes and leave imprints on image features, for instance changing the separation between photon rings or generating additional sets of photon rings. Both cases motivate the study of the...
Dr. Raul Carballo
14/09/2023 - 12:30
X-ray emission from Symbiotic Stars: a stellar window to the Astrophysics of AGN
Symbiotic stars (SySts) are binary systems in which a white dwarf (WD) accretes material from a red giant star. X-ray studies of SySts reveal an apparent variety of processes which would suggest different origins. In this talk I will briefly review our current knowledge of the X-ray properties of SySts (their classification and physical parameters), in particular I will describe the iconic systems R Aqr and CH Cyg. Finally I will present our...
Dr. Jesús Toalá
20/07/2023 - 12:30
Near-Infrared Observations of Clustered Massive Star Formation in Outflowing Region AFGL 5180
Massive stars are significant throughout the universe, as they impact their surroundings from the early stages of their formation until they die in the form of supernova. Observations in the near-infrared (NIR) of the bright and large-scale (~pc) jets which young stars ubiquitously produce during their formation process can place important constraints on the phenomenon of massive star formation. Here, we present a detailed NIR view of the star-...
Sam Crowe
13/07/2023 - 11:00
Solar Orbiter: An example of an international collaboration
Solar Orbiter is a space mission of international collaboration between ESA (European Space Agency) and NASA. Solar Orbiter was launched on February 9th 2020 from Cape Canaveral, FL onboard of an Atlas V 411 rocket. This event signified the success of the diplomatic, economical, technological, and scientific effort of many countries and two space agencies to achieve a common goal. The outcomes from this mission will aid to the scientific...
Dr. Teresa Nieves Chinchilla
06/07/2023 - 13:00
La acreditación Severo Ochoa-IAA 2023-2027
To be provided
Dr. Isabel Márquez
28/06/2023 - 12:30
Un universo de diversidad: historias LGTBI en el mundo de la razón y la ciencia
El neurólogo Ben Barres, que murió hace unos pocos años, escribió un texto en Nature muy interesante sobre ciencia y género y en él decía: "The progress of science increasingly depends on the global community, but only 10% of the world’s population is male and caucasian. To paraphrase Martin Luther King, a first-class scientific enterprise cannot be built upon a foundation of second-class citizens." Él era transexual. El mundo de la ciencia,...
Dr. Javier Armentia
22/06/2023 - 12:30
SO colloquium: X-ray Polarimetry: a New Window to the Universe
Polarimetry is a very important technique for understanding magnetic fields and high-energy processes in the Universe. While we have been studying polarization in the radio and optical side of the electromagnetic spectrum for decades, what happens at higher energies has, until recently, eluded us. In 2021 NASA finally launched the first X-ray polarimeter, the Imaging X-ray Polarimetry Explorer - IXPE, offering us a completely new window to the...
Dr. Yannis Liodakis
20/06/2023 - 12:30
Radio continuum halos in nearby galaxies and the CHANG-ES project
About a decade ago, the upgrade from the classic Very Large Array into the EVLA, i.e. the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA), made it possible to observe fainter radio continuum emission than ever before. The project Continuum Halos in Nearby Galaxies - an EVLA Survey (CHANG-ES, PI: J. Irwin) has allowed us to probe gaseous halos of 35 edge-on galaxies with arcsecond details and faint microJansky/beam sensitivities, and to begin answering...
Theresa Wiegert